Primary

This is the transition level where children move out into an interim stage where the foundation laid in the pre-school is leveled and strengthened in preparation for the super structure of the K-12 curriculum.

Language:

The general objectives at this level are:

  • To build familiarity with the language primarily through spoken input in meaningful situations (teacher talk, listening to recorded material, etc.)
  • To provide and monitor exposure to and comprehension of spoken, and spoken-and written inputs (through signs, visuals, pictures, sketches, gestures, single word questions/answers).
  • To help learners build a working proficiency in the language, especially with regard to listening with understanding and basic oral production (words/phrases, fragments of utterances, formulaic expressions as communicative devices).
  • To recite and sing poems, songs and rhymes and enact small plays/skits
  • To use drawing and painting as precursors to writing and relate these activities to oral communication.
  • To become visually familiar with words, their meanings, and to notice its component-letters sounds
  • To associate meaning with written/printed language.

At the end of this stage learners should be able to -

  • Talk about themselves, members of the family and the people in their surroundings.
  • Follow simple instructions, requests and questions, and use formulaic expressions appropriately
  • Do tasks (including singing a rhyme or identifying a person, object or thing) in English
  • Recognise whole words or chunks of language
  • Recognise small and capital forms of English alphabet both in context and in isolation
  • Read simple words/short sentences with the help of pictures and understand them
  • Write simple words/phrases/short sentences within experience
  • An oral-aural approach (with limited focus on reading/writing depending on the level)
  • Learner-centred activity-based approach including bilingual approach
  • Integration of key environmental, social and arithmetical concepts
  • Pictures, illustrations, cartoons, and toys to be used to arouse the interest of children
  • focus on discussions, work, activities that promote reading with comprehension

Math:

The general objectives at this level are:

  • To build familiarity with the language of arithmetic primarily through spoken input in meaningful situations (teacher talk, listening to recorded material, etc.)
  • To provide and monitor exposure to and comprehension of numerals spoken and written
  • To help learners build a working proficiency in the numbers, especially with regard to counting and basic operations.
  • To enumerate, count, classify and group both in numeral and statement forms
  • To use drawing and painting as precursors to basic concepts of shapes and sizes

At the end of this stage learners should be able to -

  • Count to numbers up to thousands.
  • Follow simple statements and use formulaic expressions appropriately
  • Perform simple addition, subtraction and multiplication tables to nine
  • Articulate in written form operations of addition and subtraction
  • Pictures, illustrations, counting aids to be used to arouse the interest of children
  • Focus on discussions, work, activities that promote simple arithmetic comprehension
  • Understand basic shapes including polygons, circles and angles

At this level there may not be enough conceptual basis for any clear demarcation of physical and social sciences, but it could be possible to introduce ways of looking at the social and natural world in the form of activities, ways of data collection, and making sense out of them. Elements of daily life would be familiarised in the context of hygiene and cleanliness of surroundings; reaching out from the immediate environs to widening circles to discover simple aspects of the universe. Hands-on simple experiments in physical and social sciences will be conducted.